Also known as the disease of the 21st century, diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases, affecting 346 million people worldwide, being the leading cause of blindness, non-traumatic amputations and kidney failure 1. In here, the incidence of diabetes is 11.6%, among the population aged between 20 and 79 years 2, and 3% in children aged 0-14 years. 3 Untreated properly, diabetes causes many complications in the cardiovascular, renal, ophthalmological, nervous, with specific manifestations in pregnant women.
The Precarious Condition of Diabetes
Diabetes is a condition that does not manifest itself through pain, except when complications occur. This is also why many patients with diabetes neglect the disease and intervene too late. Maintaining a high blood sugar level for long periods of time, and lack of proper treatment, can give rise to a chain of serious consequences, which manifests itself in the main organs of the body.
- The association of a diagnosis of diabetes with an unhealthy diet, rich in carbohydrates, fats, lack of physical activity and smoking, can accelerate the occurrence of complications. The main imbalances caused by hyperglycemia are: atherosclerosis (deposition of fat plaques, cholesterol and calcium on the walls of blood vessels) and neuropathy (nerve damage and poor transmission of nerve signals to the organs).
- The first thing a diabetic patient needs to understand is that such a diagnosis must lead to a major change in lifestyle, habits, and attitudes toward one’s health. Constant monitoring of the disease, treatment and a good collaboration with the doctor, can prevent the appearance of complications or limit their evolution.
Nicotinamide Mononucleotide or NMN is from the nucleotides family. The nucleotides are those organic modules that are found in maximum food items that we consume. Choosing the right nmn powder manufacturer is important in this case.
Typology of complications in diabetes
Complications in diabetes are caused by hypo and hyperglycemia and fall into two categories: chronic complications and acute complications.
Chronic complications occur in most cases 10-15 years after the diagnosis of the disease and are due to macrovascular, microvascular and nervous changes. Among the most common chronic complications are:
Diabetic angiopathy is the totality of changes in the blood vessels caused by atherosclerosis. Depending on the type of vessels affected, angiopathy can be of two types: macroangiopathy and microangiopathy. Due to vascular changes, the patient has an increased risk of myocardial infarction, stroke, kidney failure and retinopathy.
Diabetic retinopathy is a complication caused by damage to the small vessels of the retina. Almost all patients with type 1 diabetes develop some form of retinopathy, and in those with type 2 diabetes, it occurs in less than 60% of cases. Retinopathy is a disease that progresses over time, being the most common cause of blindness in patients between the ages of 20 and 54.
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